Axel Constant

Axel Constant

Axel is a PhD student in the Philosophy of Biomedicine at the University of Sydney under the supervision of Paul Griffiths and Peter Godfrey-Smith. He is a graduate trainee at the Culture Mind and Brain Program of the University McGill and was a visiting fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Neuroimaging of the University College London. He received an MSc in Cognitive Science from the University of Amsterdam and an MA in Philosophy from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. His published work is at the intersection of Evolutionary Biology, the Philosophy of Cognitive science and Psychiatry, and Evolutionary Cultural Anthropology. His current work aims at extending methods employed in Computational Psychiatry to theories and models employed in Cultural Psychiatry. His focus is on the theory of looping effects of human kinds and on Ecosocial models of psychiatric disorders such as applied to depression and autism.






Hesp, C., Ramstead, M., Constant, A., Kirchhoff, M., & Friston, K. (2019). A Multi-scale View of the Emergent Complexity of Life: A Free-Energy Proposal. In Evolution, Development and Complexity (Springer).
Constant, A., Ramstead, M., Veissière, S., & Friston, K. (2019). Regimes of Expectations: An Active Inference Model of Social Conformity and Human Decision Making. Front. Psychol. Download
Ramstead*, M., Constant*, A., Badcock, P., & Friston, K. (2019). Variational ecology and the physics of sentient systems. Physics of Life Reviews. Download
Badcock, P., Constant, A., & Ramstead, M. (2019). Tinkering with cognitive gadgets: Cultural evolutionary psychology meets active inference. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Download
Ramstead, M., Kirchhoff, M., Constant, A., & Friston, K. (2019). Multiscale integration: beyond internalism and externalism. Synthese. Download
Veissière, S., Constant, A., Ramstead, M., Friston, K., & Kirmayer, L. (2019). Thinking Through Other Minds: A Variational Approach to Cognition and Culture. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Download


Constant, A., Ramstead Maxwell J. D., Veissière Samuel P. L., Campbell John O., & Friston Karl J. (2018). A variational approach to niche construction. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 15(141), 20170685. Download
Constant, A., Bervoets, J., Hens, K., & Van de Cruys, S. (2018). Precise Worlds for Certain Minds: An Ecological Perspective on the Relational Self in Autism. Topoi. Download